The most complete guitar maintenance manual（one）
Recently, many fans have left messages wanting to know the secrets of guitar maintenance, so the editor has sorted out the professional knowledge in this area.
Knowledge popularization before guitar maintenance
Before learning how to maintain a guitar, let’s learn a few knowledge points to help us understand the meaning of maintenance.
(1) The material of the guitar
First of all, we must know what material our guitars are made of. The guitars on the market can be divided into:
①Plywood guitar: It is made of artificially pressed wooden boards, which have poor durability and feel.
②Single-board guitar: With solid wood as the main material, the quality has been improved, but the more expensive guitars have stricter environmental requirements.
③New materials: HPL materials and carbon fiber are the main materials, and this type of guitar is less affected by the environment.
You can develop different maintenance plans for the material of your guitar.
(2) Unfavorable circumstances for the guitar
Secondly, we need to know what situation in our daily life will cause damage to the guitar.
②Ambient temperature and humidity.
③Daily use habits.
Guitars are wood products, and some guitars are also plated with bright paint. Bumps and impacts will damage the paint in light, and cause the wood to break in severe cases.
(3) Maintenance tools
Finally, let’s learn about the tools needed for guitar maintenance:
②Cleaning cloth, cleaning agent (oil)
③ String guard oil
④Sponge bag, piano case
The effect of temperature and humidity on the guitar
Wood is sensitive to changes in temperature and humidity, and if it is too wet or dry, it will cause damage to the guitar.
First of all, let’s take a look at the effect of humidity. You can think of wooden floors soaked in water and cracked land.
The solid wood acoustic guitar is made of several thin pieces of wood. Because the wood is very thin and has a large surface area, it is easy to absorb moisture quickly and lose it easily.
Remember the following rules:
As the wood loses its moisture, it shrinks, causing the guitar to dry out like dry earth.
When the wood absorbs moisture, it expands, causing the panels to bulge like a wicking floor.
The impact of humidity on the guitar is still very large. If the humidity is higher than 70%, the wood can easily absorb moisture, which will cause the panel to bulge, the adhesive will absorb water and degumming, and the strings will easily rust. Long-term exposure may even lead to mildew inside the guitar. . If the humidity is lower than 30%, it is very dry, and the wood will shrink, causing the panel to crack, the frets to lift, and the glue to tear and degumming. The climate difference between southern and northern China is quite large, so the range of extreme weather will be larger. The climate in the north is dry in winter, and the guitar is easy to crack.
In the north, various humidification methods are used in the piano shop to maintain the surrounding environment of the guitar The humidity is moderate. In the south, the climate is humid and sultry in summer, and the wood easily absorbs moisture, so it expands and even opens the glue, and it needs to be dried and adjusted when necessary. Then the guitar you use is mainly to prevent dry weather. According to the environment, if you are a general veneer guitar, you can use a humidifier at the strings. When you are not playing, you can prevent it from the sound control. The humidity of the piano body. If you have a more expensive guitar, you can keep a hygrometer inside the guitar case, so you can check the environment at any time.
Dalian’s climate is very suitable for guitar production, which is our geographical advantage.
I’ll tell you all about it today, see you next time