Teach you to read music easily (2) — six-line notation

Today’s Covenant Guitar School will continue to bring you the method of reading notation

In the last issue of the Covenant Guitar School, we learned “the notation method of notation” and “the time value of notation”.

[Covenant Guitar School] Teach you to read music easily (1)

After reading the previous teaching, many students asked  the method of reading tablature for Xiaoka,and here teach you the method.

How to recognize the tablature

The tablature is a universal guitar-specific score. It is intuitive, easy to understand, and easy to understand and master.

Therefore, it has been adopted by music publishing companies all over the world and has become an indispensable auxiliary tool for learning guitar performance.

covenant guitar strings

Guitar consists of six parallel horizontal lines, the left is the direction of the headstock, and the right is the direction of the body. From top to bottom represent the ①~⑥ strings of the guitar, just as you are looking down on the guitar fretboard while you play.

guitar strings

(1) The method of recording the melody in the tablature

Tabs use numbers to indicate which strings and frets the notes are on. That is, the number is on which string and which fret, and the fingers of the left hand are pressed on the string and fret where the number is located. At the same time, the right hand plucks the string where the number is located. When playing an empty string, it is represented by 0. When several numbers on different strings are aligned up and down, it means that these notes should be played at the same time.

The method of recording the melody in the tablature

(2) The method of recording the time value of the Tablature

The notation of the time value of the six-line notation is basically the same as the notation of the time value of the musical notation.

(3) The method of recording the rests in the Tablature

①Song information
The complete score needs to indicate the name, author and name of the piece, and sometimes it is necessary to add the name of the singer under the name of the piece, so that the performer can understand the detail of the piece, so as to find relevant information to help him play the piece correctly;
The Tuning can help you know the pitch of the piece and play it using the key scale suggested by the tuning. The so-called “1=C” or “1=D”, etc., all refer to the height of the “1” sound of the tuning, “1=C” means that the pitch of “1” is called the “C” sound, and so on. ;
③Measures and measure lines
The melody of a piece of music is composed of notes with a certain strength and weakness relationship. According to the strength of the piece, the melody of the piece is regularly divided into several units. This unit is called a “section”. called “bar line”;
The unit used to indicate the beat in each measure, which looks similar to fractions in mathematics. The “denominator” number represents the unit of “fraction note” as a beat; the “numerator” number represents the number of beats in each measure. For example, the time signature in the above picture is “4/4”, which means that a quarter note is a beat, and there are four beats in each measure;
⑤ Speed ​​mark
The tempo notation indicates the speed at which you play the piece. The preceding note indicates the unit of calculation. The above picture is the quarter note symbol. The time signature indicates the quarter note as a beat. The number after the equal sign indicates how many times to play per minute. Such a beat unit. The tempo notation in the picture above means 80 beats per minute;
⑥Section number
The measure number can help you quickly locate the measure you are looking for, and it is very convenient to have the measure number in some super long and complex scores;
⑦ Termination line
Indicates that the song ends here;
⑧ Left and right fingering
Small numbers added above, below, or beside tab notes indicate left-hand fingering, useful for beginners or more difficult pieces; letters “p, i, m, a” noted on sheet music Represents the fingering of the right hand plucking.

After learning so much, let us play the “Little Star” above.
Today’s Covenant Guitar School is here~ The next photo card will bring you the knowledge about chords~ See you next time!