COVENANT Guitar School teaches you the method of reading music scores

Today, the COVENANT Guitar School teaches you the method of reading music scores.

Musical Notation is an indispensable “partner” for everyone to learn instrument, also the language of music. At present, the common notation methods include staff notation and simplified notation. Both of them have their own characteristics: staff notation has unique advantages for recording multi-voice music; simple notation is concise and popular, with a strong sense of mode, and it is more convenient to record single-voice songs, etc. Among them, the musical notation is widely used in mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Southeast Asia and other places.

Notation method

First of all, we need to know how the notes of the musical notation are expressed. The musical notation uses the seven Arabic numerals of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 as the basic notes:

musical notation


Pitch of the musical notation

After studying the notes of the musical notation, we also need to master the pitch of the musical notation. Its expression is to add dots above and below the notes. The dots above the notes are called “treble dots”, indicating that the pitch is raised one octave (ie, one octave higher). The dot added below a note is called the “low point” and means lowering the note by one octave (ie, lowering it by one octave). Undotted notes are called “altos”. Adding a high-pitched point above the note is called a “treble”, and adding two high-pitched points is called a “treble”. Adding a low point below the note is called “bass”, and adding two low points is called “double bass”.

Notation pitch


the “Duration” in music refers to the length of the sound. In the musical notation, the length of the sound is represented by adding time lines, subtracting time lines, dots, ties and tuplets.
1. Basic note – also known as quarter note. That is, a note without an increment (decrease) timing, for example: “1, 2, 3…”
2. Timeline – A short horizontal line written on the right of the basic note. More time lines there are, the longer the duration of the note. Each additional time line means prolonging the duration of a basic note. For example: “1-” = “1+1”, “2—” = “2+2+2+2”.
3. Subtraction line – a short horizontal line written below the basic note. More time-reduction lines, the shorter the duration of the note. Each additional time-reduction line means that the duration of the original note is shortened by half. Example: “3+3” = “3”
4. Dotted – The dot written on the right side of the note is called “dotted dot”. Notes with dots are called “dotted notes”. It means that in addition to singing (playing) the duration of the note preceding the dot, it should also be extended by half of its duration. For example: “5.” = “5+5”.
5. Fermata – that is, the arc connecting two notes of the same pitch. Two notes connected by the tie line play only the first note. And duration is equal to the sum of the durations of the two tones.
6.Tuplet – that is, the duration of a note is divided into several parts. Tuplets are represented by Arabic numerals in the middle of the arc, representing the number of divisions. Commonly used tuplets are: triplet, quintuplet, sextuplet, etc.

Tuplets &Ties



Finally, We need to master is the”rest”. The “rest” is the silent symbol of the sound in the musical notation. Besides, its basic symbol is represented by “0”. The length of the rest is the same as the notation of the note, but without the use of time lines, each additional “0” is equivalent to the length of the rest of a quarter note.

Time table of rests in musical notation